All four of the situations are inappropriate in a Canadian classroom. Your instructors at Humber would consider these as forms of academic misconduct.
Read the following definition and decide if the following examples can be considered plagiarism or not.
Humber’s definition of plagiarism is:
Plagiarism, in the broadest sense, is misrepresenting the work of others as one’s own. Plagiarism can be understood as the act of copying, reproducing or paraphrasing significant portions of someone else’s published or unpublished material, and representing these as one’s own thinking by not acknowledging the appropriate source or by the failure to use appropriate quotation marks. (Humber College, 2010, p. 26)
Examples of Plagiarism
Anything and everything that is not yours such as:
Ideas, spoken words, sentences, facts, figures, graphs, statistics, videos, pictures, images, photos, music, etc.
That you found from sources like:
Books, articles, magazines, journals, websites, interviews and videos must be properly cited and referenced in your work.
Idea from - (Salem-Wiseman, 2010)
Check out "Keeping It Real" to help you cite and reference ideas, words, facts and figures, etc, that are not yours.
What is Cheating?
"Cheating is using unauthorized notes, study aids, or information during an examination; altering a graded work after it has been returned, then submitting the work for regrading; allowing another person to do one's work and submitting that work under one's own name; submitting identical or similar papers for credit in more than one course without prior permission from the course instructors."
Humber, Centre for Teaching and Learning. (n.d). Cheating. Retrieved from
http://humber.ca/centreforteachingandlearning/assets/files/Teaching Resources/06 Cheating-B.pdf
In your home country it may be acceptable to share information and ideas. In Canada it is only acceptable to share information when an instructor has instructed you to do so as part of the learning process. Instead, students are expected to express their own ideas without the assistance of friends or classmates.
How Cheating is Detected
Cheating is often detected because:
When it is Appropriate to Share Information?
When it is Inappropriate to Share Information?
Adapted from: Eland, A., Smithee, N., & Greenblatt, S.L. (2009). U.S. Classroom Culture. Washington: NAPSA: Association of International Educators.
When you use another author’s work in your academic assignments you must refer to your source by providing the last name of the author and the year of publication directly after the quote or information.
Why Do I Have To Cite Sources?
Citing is important because it gives credit to the authors of books, articles and websites that you use to write your paper. It also gives your assignment credibility and it proves that you have done your research. If you don't give credit – you are plagiarising or stealing somebody else's ideas and words.